Tajikistan, Remittances and the Family-left Behind


Tajikistan between 2007 and 2011 was the most dependent on remittances in the world. Using survey data covering this period, I analyze the impact of remittances on the household expenditures. I control for endogeneity and find that remittances does not seem to affect spending in human capital or basic goods (including food unless the household in among the poorest). On the other hand, it seems to increase the spending in secondary goods. For the short migration, remittances can be a tool to afford health services as well. Those changes in consumption habits appear to be temporary. Overall, the paper provides some results that would suggest that remittances, even though undoubtedly worthwhile to reduce poverty and to thwart emergencies, do not necessarily help improve the long-term development of Tajikistan.

Rémi Viné
Lecturer, Faculty Lead, and Consultant

My research relates to migration topics (choice of mobility, impact of remittances on the left behind, the costs of transferring money, etc.), and to cross-border capital (FDI and remittances).